Carbon Sequestration and Eco-System Benefits

Aside from ensuring wood products in the future, reforestation is an excellent form of carbon sequestration. As a sapling matures it takes in the carbon dioxide from the atmosphere around it and transfers it into new biomass. Forests and forest products offset 10 percent of annual U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, but it is an open question whether conversion of forests to other land uses for the 2 production of biomass crops other than trees would allow this same degree of carbon offset to continue.

There is more forestland in the U.S. today than just 20 years ago and, as a signatory to
the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the US EPA has reported since
2000 that the nation’s supply of wood fiber is sustainable and not diminishing.